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Posts Tagged ‘Bible Study Sermon on the Mount’

1. What does Jesus say about the law in Matthew 5:17?

Going deeper: The word “law” in this passage is the Hebrew word “Torah.” In the Jewish mind, Torah doesn’t mean just law, but rather it is a system of rules and commands for right living–living in a way that is pleasing to God. Jesus’ statement that He did not come to “abolish”
was a first-century rabbinic idiom. The expression “abolish Torah” mean to misinterpret Torah–not get rid of it or replace it. To “fulfill” or “complete” Torah mean to teach it correctly. So we could translate the statement of Jesus, “I did not come to misinterpret Torah but rather to teach it correctly.” He was going to affirm Torah and clarify those areas of the law that had been misinterpreted or taught incorrectly.

2. What does Jesus confirm about the completeness of Torah and the prohibition against changes to it in Matthew 5:18?

3. What warning does Jesus give in Matthew 5:19 about disobedience of the law?

4. Copy Matthew 5:20. Meditate on this. What you think Jesus was saying in making this statement.. What does Jesus say about murder in Matthew 5:21-22?

Going deeper: This section, Matthew 5:21-48 includes six teachings, sometimes referred to as “antitheses” operate to intensify what is prohibited. This idea was a common technique among the sages and rabbis known as “making a fence around the Torah.” By this expanding out of the commandment to include the thought or intention behind it, the sages and rabbis were offering a means to keep people even further from the conduct that would violate the commandment against murder.

5. Review Exodus 20:13. What do the following passages add to your understanding of this prohibition?
Exodus 21:12-14

Numbers 35:16-28

6. What does Jesus say about making your offering in Matthew 5:23-24?

Going deeper: Jesus’ reference to “offering your gift” relates to the Temple and the sacrificial system established in Leviticus. This is further evidence that Jesus was a Torah-observant Jew and was likely speaking largely to other Torah-observant Jews.

7. Why would Jesus be adding this additional “hedge” to the requirements of the sacrifices and offerings made to God?

It is our desire to help you grow in your knowledge of Adonai and His Word. If you are looking for additional information and/or materials, please visit our website at RootedinHisWord.org and our Facebook page. 

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Read Matthew Chapter 5:1-12

1. Who is blessed according to Matthew 5:4? What is the promise to them?

2. What do you learn from the following verses about those who mourn (over their sin)?
Isaiah 61:1-3

Isaiah 66:13

John 16:20

3. Who is blessed according to Matthew 5:5? What are they promised?

4. What do the following verses teach about the meek (gentle, sweet-spirited)?
Psalm 37:11

Isaiah 11:4

Zephaniah 3:12

5. What do the following verses teach about the inheritance of the believer?
Ephesians 1:11-12

Galatians 4:4-7

1 Peter 1:4

6. Who are those who have no inheritance with God according to the following verses?
Ephesians 5:5

Galatians 4:30-31

 

 

It is our desire to help you grow in your knowledge of Adonai and His Word. If you are looking for additional information and/or materials, please visit our website at RootedinHisWord.org and our Facebook page. 

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Read Matthew Chapter 5:1-12
1. Where was Jesus at the end of Matthew chapter 4? Beginning of chapter 5?

2. From where is Jesus speaking?

3. Before beginning to speak, what does Jesus do?

4. Who is “blessed” according to Matthew 5:3? Why?

5. What do the following verses teach about being poor in spirit?
Psalm 51:17

Proverbs 16:9

Proverbs 29:23

Isaiah 57:15

Isaiah 66:1-2

Going deeper: What does “blessed” mean in the context of this chapter?

 

It is our desire to help you grow in your knowledge of Adonai and His Word. If you are looking for additional information and/or materials, please visit our website at RootedinHisWord.org and our Facebook page. 

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