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Posts Tagged ‘Matthew chapter 5’

Read Matthew Chapter 5:21-48
This section, often known as the “Six Antitheses” are really intended to clarify and extend the commandments to provide a hedge–extending the limits of what was allowable, so that the believer would not come even close to violating a command of God. In addition, Jesus was highlighting the fact that sin really begins in the heart and mind.

1. Review the following scriptures that talk about the relationship between the heart, temptation and sin:
Proverbs 4:23

Romans 13:14

James 1:13-15

In the last study we covered Matthew 5:21-26 which addresses the issue of murder and those who are angry with their brothers. It also covers the situation of one who is not reconciled to his brother.
2. What does Jesus say about litigation in Matthew 5:25-26?

3. What does Jesus say about adultery in Matthew 5:27-32?

4. What do you learn about marriage and divorce from the following verses?
Deuteronomy 24:1-4

Malachi 2:16

Matthew 19:3-10

1 Corinthians 7:10-12

5. What does Jesus say about making vows and oaths in Matthew 5:33-340?

6. Why does Jesus say they should not swear by heaven?

7. Why does Jesus say they should not swear by the earth?

8. Why does Jesus say they should not swear by Jerusalem?

9. Why does Jesus say they should not swear by their own head?

10. Copy Matthew 5:37. Meditate on this. Record your thoughts and impressions.

11. What do you learn of oaths from the following passages?
Exodus 22:10-12

Numbers 30:1-15

Numbers 32:9-11

Deuteronomy 6:13

12. How would you summarize or put into one sentence the teaching of Jesus in Matthew 5:38-42?

13. What to you learn from Exodus 21:12-25 about what Jesus is teaching in Matthew 5:38-39? How is Jesus’ teaching different from that of the Torah?

It is our desire to help you grow in your knowledge of Adonai and His Word. If you are looking for additional information and/or materials, please visit our website at RootedinHisWord.org and our Facebook page. 

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1. What does Jesus say about the law in Matthew 5:17?

Going deeper: The word “law” in this passage is the Hebrew word “Torah.” In the Jewish mind, Torah doesn’t mean just law, but rather it is a system of rules and commands for right living–living in a way that is pleasing to God. Jesus’ statement that He did not come to “abolish”
was a first-century rabbinic idiom. The expression “abolish Torah” mean to misinterpret Torah–not get rid of it or replace it. To “fulfill” or “complete” Torah mean to teach it correctly. So we could translate the statement of Jesus, “I did not come to misinterpret Torah but rather to teach it correctly.” He was going to affirm Torah and clarify those areas of the law that had been misinterpreted or taught incorrectly.

2. What does Jesus confirm about the completeness of Torah and the prohibition against changes to it in Matthew 5:18?

3. What warning does Jesus give in Matthew 5:19 about disobedience of the law?

4. Copy Matthew 5:20. Meditate on this. What you think Jesus was saying in making this statement.. What does Jesus say about murder in Matthew 5:21-22?

Going deeper: This section, Matthew 5:21-48 includes six teachings, sometimes referred to as “antitheses” operate to intensify what is prohibited. This idea was a common technique among the sages and rabbis known as “making a fence around the Torah.” By this expanding out of the commandment to include the thought or intention behind it, the sages and rabbis were offering a means to keep people even further from the conduct that would violate the commandment against murder.

5. Review Exodus 20:13. What do the following passages add to your understanding of this prohibition?
Exodus 21:12-14

Numbers 35:16-28

6. What does Jesus say about making your offering in Matthew 5:23-24?

Going deeper: Jesus’ reference to “offering your gift” relates to the Temple and the sacrificial system established in Leviticus. This is further evidence that Jesus was a Torah-observant Jew and was likely speaking largely to other Torah-observant Jews.

7. Why would Jesus be adding this additional “hedge” to the requirements of the sacrifices and offerings made to God?

It is our desire to help you grow in your knowledge of Adonai and His Word. If you are looking for additional information and/or materials, please visit our website at RootedinHisWord.org and our Facebook page. 

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Read Matthew Chapter 5:13-24
1. What does Jesus compare believers to in Matthew 5:13?

2. How did salt function according to the following verses?
Exodus 30:35

Leviticus 2:13

Numbers 18:19

2 Kings 2:19-22

Ezekiel 16:4

Colossians 4:6

Going deeper: Read Luke 14:34-35 where Jesus discusses the problem of salt that loses its saltiness. Record Jesus’ comments.

Going deeper: Read Mark 9:49-50. Here Jesus is making another reference to salt. He is first of all saying that we will all be salted with fire in Mark 9:49. Since salt is a purifying element, He is saying that we will all be purified by fire. He goes on to say, “Have salt among yourselves and be at peace with one another.” This is a reference to the use of salt in making covenants in the Hebrew Bible (Old Testament). See Numbers 18:19 and 2 Chronicles 13:5.

3. Why did Jesus call his disciples and the others listening to him on the side of the mountain that day salt? What is the spiritual application?

4. To what does Jesus compare those Jews listening to Him in Matthew 5:14-16? What explanation does He provide?

5. How do Jesus’ statements in Matthew 5:14-16 link up with Isaiah 42:6 and 49:6?

6. What is Jesus’ command in Matthew 5:16? For what purpose? How might this look in your life?

7. Review Proverbs 4:18-19. Here we read of the contrast between light and dark. Summarize these verses in your own words in light of Jesus’ teaching in Matthew 5:14-16.

8. How does Paul expand on this idea of being a light in the following verses?
Romans 2:18-20

Ephesians 5:8

It is our desire to help you grow in your knowledge of Adonai and His Word. If you are looking for additional information and/or materials, please visit our website at RootedinHisWord.org and our Facebook page. 

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Read Matthew Chapter 5:1-12

1. Who is blessed according to Matthew 5:6? What is their promise?

2. What do you learn from these verses?
Psalm 107:4-9

Proverbs 12:28

Proverbs 21:3

2 Timothy 3:16

3. Who is blessed according to Matthew 5:7? What shall they receive?

4. What do you learn from the following verses?
Psalm 18:25

Proverbs 11:17

Proverbs 14:21

Proverbs 21:21

5. Who is blessed according to Matthew 5:8? What is their reward?

6. What do you learn from the following verses about the pure in heart?
Psalms 24:3-6

Psalm 73:1

7. Who is blessed according to Matthew 5:9? What shall they be called?

8. Who is blessed according to Matthew 5:10? What does Jesus say will be theirs?

9. What does the prophet have to say to those who seek righteousness in the following verses?
Isaiah 51:1-8

Isaiah 66:5-6

10. Who is blessed according to Matthew 5:11-12? Where is their reward?

It is our desire to help you grow in your knowledge of Adonai and His Word. If you are looking for additional information and/or materials, please visit our website at RootedinHisWord.org and our Facebook page. 

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