Posts Tagged ‘hedges around the Torah’

Read Matthew Chapter 5:21-48
This section, often known as the “Six Antitheses” are really intended to clarify and extend the commandments to provide a hedge–extending the limits of what was allowable, so that the believer would not come even close to violating a command of God. In addition, Jesus was highlighting the fact that sin really begins in the heart and mind.

1. Review the following scriptures that talk about the relationship between the heart, temptation and sin:
Proverbs 4:23

Romans 13:14

James 1:13-15

In the last study we covered Matthew 5:21-26 which addresses the issue of murder and those who are angry with their brothers. It also covers the situation of one who is not reconciled to his brother.
2. What does Jesus say about litigation in Matthew 5:25-26?

3. What does Jesus say about adultery in Matthew 5:27-32?

4. What do you learn about marriage and divorce from the following verses?
Deuteronomy 24:1-4

Malachi 2:16

Matthew 19:3-10

1 Corinthians 7:10-12

5. What does Jesus say about making vows and oaths in Matthew 5:33-340?

6. Why does Jesus say they should not swear by heaven?

7. Why does Jesus say they should not swear by the earth?

8. Why does Jesus say they should not swear by Jerusalem?

9. Why does Jesus say they should not swear by their own head?

10. Copy Matthew 5:37. Meditate on this. Record your thoughts and impressions.

11. What do you learn of oaths from the following passages?
Exodus 22:10-12

Numbers 30:1-15

Numbers 32:9-11

Deuteronomy 6:13

12. How would you summarize or put into one sentence the teaching of Jesus in Matthew 5:38-42?

13. What to you learn from Exodus 21:12-25 about what Jesus is teaching in Matthew 5:38-39? How is Jesus’ teaching different from that of the Torah?

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