Posts Tagged ‘Passover’

You have arrived to the Mount of Olives, overlooking the Holy City, Jerusalem, after a long journey from your home in Capernaum or maybe Migdol or even from as far away as Cyrene, in Northern Africa. You are mesmerized by the mid-day sun reflecting off of the top of the Sanctuary. You wonder if the gleaming white you see could possibly be snow on the Temple, but you know it cannot be. Your heart swells with the knowledge that HaShem, blessed be He, is near. 

You feel the tug of your lamb on the rope you’re holding. Will it be acceptable? It is without blemish as the law requires, but you have heard of even the most perfect lamb not being accepted by the Temple Priests and Levites. Like the day before you brought home your bride from her father’s house to consummate your marriage, you feel worry creeping into your belly. Your budget is small–you can’t afford another lamb.

Before you know it, you are being pulled forward with the crowd down the side of the Mount of Olives. Olive trees are swaying in the light wind. You begin to sing along with the other pilgrims  making their way in a serpentine formation down the steep path into the Valley Kidron and then back up again to the Sanctuary. “Hoshiana! Hoshiana! The worry slowly dissolves into joy. Adonai has delivered you once again. You will remember Him at the appointed time. You will never forget the love of your God–your Redeemer.

Olives Trees (Mt of Olives, Jerusalem)

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Exodus Chapter 12 – Passover

Read Exodus 12
1. In Chapter 12, God establishes a new calendar. What instructions does Moses give about what is to be done on the 10th day of the month?

2. What requirements are stated for the lamb?

3. What is to be done at twilight on the 14th day? What is to be done with the blood?

4. What specific instructions are given about the cooking and eating of the meat?

5. Copy Exodus 12:23 here.

6. What do you learn about the Feast of Unleavened Bread from this chapter?

7. What is Pharaoh’s response to this plague in Exodus 12:29-32? Egyptians?

8. How many Israelites left Egypt? What was their first stop when they left Egypt?

9. What additional information do you learn about the Passover from Exodus 12:42-49?

10. What do you learn from the following verses?
□ 1 Corinthians 5:7

□ 1 Peter 1:19

□ Revelation 5:6

Note: The feasts of Passover and Unleavened Bread commemorate God’s deliverance of Israel out of Egypt. In addition to looking back, all of the Jewish feasts, of which Passover and Unleavened Bread are just two, look ahead to Jesus, the Messiah (the Promised and Expected One).

Passover is a picture of Jesus, the perfect sacrifice–the lamb without spot or blemish who was slain for the sins of the world so that judgment might “pass over” those would put their trust in the blood of Jesus applied to the door posts of their life.

The Feast of Unleavened Bread is a picture and celebration of the sinlessness of Jesus. Leaven in the Bible is always a picture of sin. To live without leaven for a week is a picture of living a life free of sin’s power over us, a life only possible through the power of the Holy Spirit (after Pentecost).

As we move through the books of the Law, we have already seen and will continue to see signs, pictures and foretellings of the coming Messiah, the one who will deliver the people of God, both Jew and Gentile, from the bondage of sin.

Finally, the night of Jesus’ arrest, He was celebrating a Passover meal with His disciples, explaining to them the new covenant and the symbolism in the celebration as the meal progressed. They didn’t really seem to understand. Review John 13, Luke 22, Matthew 26:18-31. Passover provides the basis for the New Testament ordinance that we call Communion. See Corinthians 11:23-25.

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With the upcoming celebration of the Resurrection of Jesus, let’s review the Jewish feast of Passover – a significant event in the final hours of Jesus’ life.

Read Exodus Chapter 12:1-29; See also Deuteronomy 16:1-8
1. Let’s review what we can know from the Bible about Passover.
a. What day should the lamb be taken?

b. Describe the lamb to be taken.

c. How long do you keep the lamb?

d. What happens to the lamb at twilight?

e. What do you do with the lamb’s blood? Why?

f. How should you cook the lamb?

g. What do you do with any leftovers?

Read Matt. 26:17-30
Note: The scenes described in these scriptures are of the Last Supper (as it is known by the Church) which was a Passover meal (a Seder) which Jesus (a Jew) celebrated with his disciples (all Jews) the night He was arrested. The Seder was very ritualized. Passover was to begin at sundown which in March or April would be at approximately 6 p.m. The meal had to be eaten within the walls of Jerusalem. For that reason, at the time of Passover, pilgrims from all over Israel would crowd into Jerusalem, and its population would swell. Passover was a very intimate meal to be shared with family and close friends. Here Jesus is with his very closest friends and disciples.

2. What do you observe? What is your impression? Why are we given this part of the story?

Read Luke 22:7-23
3. According to Luke 22:15-16, what does Jesus say about this Passover?

4. In Luke 22:19, how did Jesus describe the bread?

5. In Luke 22:20, what did Jesus say about the cup?



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Passover (Pesach) is one of three major feasts in the Jewish calendar. The first Passover occurred while the Jews were still slaves in Egypt.

Beginning in Exodus 12:3 and following, God instructs the people, “on the tenth day of this month every man shall take for himself a lamb, according to the house of his father, a lamb for a household. . . . Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male of the first year. You may take it from the sheep or from the goats. Now you shall keep it until the fourteenth day of the same month. Then the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it at twilight.And they shall take some of the blood and put it on the two doorposts and on the lintel of the houses where they eat it. Then they shall eat the flesh on that night; roasted in fire, with unleavened bread and with bitter herbs they shall eat it. Do not eat it raw, nor boiled at all with water, but roasted in fire-its head with its legs and its entrails. You shall let none of it remain until morning, and what remains of it until morning you shall burn with fire. And thus you shall eat it: with a belt on your waist, your sandals on your feet, and your staff in your hand. So you shall eat it in haste. It is the LORD’S Passover.”

In Exodus 12:12 and following, God gives the reason for the Passover, “for I will pass through the land of Egypt on that night, and will strike all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and against all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgment: I am the LORD. Now the blood shall be a sign for you on the houses where you are. And when I see the blood, I will pass over you; and the plague shall not be on you to destroy you when I strike the land of Egypt.”

Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy all mention the Passover as do many books of the history of the Jews.

What does this have to do with Jesus?

  • Jesus was a Jew.
  • Jesus was celebrating Passover with his disciples on the night he was betrayed
  • By the blood of the lamb being smeared on the lintel and doorposts of the houses of the Jews, the judgment of God passed over them on that first Passover in Egypt. Similarly, by the blood of Jesus, the wrath of God passes over those who believe Jesus died for their sins.
  • Jesus converted the symbols of Passover (cup of redemption) and the unleavened bread into symbols of the new covenant – what we know as communion.

Throughout Jewish history, the Passover celebration was pointing forward – to the Lamb of God who would take away the sins of the world and cause the wrath of God to pass over the children of God.

Who are these who have been passed over? Those who believe that Christ is the Son of God and that His death was a substitutionary death – Jesus because the substitute sacrifice – the lamb to be slain.

It’s Your Blood that cleanses me
It’s Your Blood that gives me life
It’s Your Blood that took my place
In redeeming sacrifice, Washes me,
Whiter than the snow, than the snow
My Jesus, God’s precious sacrifice.


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