Posts Tagged ‘Bible Basics’

The Bible consists of 66 separate books written by 40 different authors over 1,600 years.

The Bible is divided into two parts, known as testaments. There are 39 books in the Old Testament and 27 books in the New Testament.


The Old Testament was written primarily in Hebrew, with some portions in Aramaic. The New Testament was written in Greek.

The Old Testament is divided into five sections, namely The Law, The History, The Wisdom and Poetry, The Major Prophets and The Minor Prophets.

The New Testament is divided into five sections, namely, the Gospels, the History of the early Church (the Book of Acts), the Pauline Epistles, the General Epistles and Prophecy (the Book of Revelation).

Knowing more about the Bible makes the Bible just a little bit easier to understand and study. This series of posts is designed to make the Bible smaller and more manageable for you to study day by day, line upon line and precept upon precept. (Isaiah 28:10)

1. What is the first book of the Bible?

2. What is the last book of the Old Testament?

3. What is the first book of the New Testament?

4. What is the last book of the Bible?


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The following is a collection of the recent posts in the Bible Basics series which focused on books of the New Testament:

Bible Basics – New Testament Overview

Bible Basics – Gospels and Early Church History

Bible Basics – Paul’s Epistles (Part 1)

Bible Basics – Paul’s Epistles (Part 2)

Bible Basics – General Epistles and Revelation

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One of the purposes of this blog is to provide accurate information about the Bible in an easy-to-understand format.

The following are links to the posts in the  Bible Basics – Old Testament Overview series:

Bible Basics (Part 1)

Bible Basics (Part 2)

Bible Basics (Part 3)

Bible Basics (Part 4)

Bible Basics (Part 5)

Bible Basics (Part 6)

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Sometimes as believers, we use terms that only we understand.  What some might call “Christianese”  Understanding these terms and being able to “translate” them to those who don’t speak our “language” is essential to effectively sharing the gospel.  What does it mean to be saved?  What happens when we are born again?

The Basics

  •  Salvation is a gift    (John 3:16)
  • The only Requirement is belief (John 3:16)
  • Jesus is the perfect sacrifice, satisfying all the righteousness requirements of the law (2 Corinthians 5:21)

What happens?

  • We’re made alive spiritually  (Colossians 2:13; Ephesians 2:1)
  • The charges against us are dropped (Colossians 2:14)
  • We’re forgiven of  all our sins (Ephesians 1:7)
  • We’re purified for God to be His own (Titus 2:14)
  • We’re made new – a new creation in Christ  (2 Corinthians 5:17)
  • Old things are gone; all things are new (2 Corinthians 5:17)
  • We’re reconciled to God (restored to right relationship) (2 Corinthians 5:18; Colossians 1:21)
  • We’re presented to God holy and blameless (Colossians 1:21-23)
  • We receive the Kingdom of God (Luke 12:32)
  • We receive lasting inheritance (1 Peter 1:4)
  • We have abundant life now (John 10:10)
  • We receive everything needed for life and godly living (2 Peter 1:2-11)
  • We receive the power of  the Holy Spirit (Acts 1:8)
  • We receive weapons for warfare (Ephesians 6:10-18)
A Word Picture to Illustrate
     If they still don’t get the idea, give them a picture:  “Though your sins are like scarlet, They shall be as white as snow; Though they are red like crimson, They shall be as wool.  Isaiah 1:18

May the One who is able to keep you from stumbling, And to present you faultless Before the presence of His glory with exceeding joy keep you from stumbling  and present you to God as without fault (and only God can do that).

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Attached is the first worksheet for our study of the book of Ruth.  Feel free to join us in the virtual Bible study as we go through the Book of Ruth chapter by chapter and verse by verse.  The remaining worksheet pages along with study notes from our teaching will be available by password, so contact me to get your password, so you can follow along.

Take time now to be rooted and grounded in the Word of God.

Book of Ruth – Worksheet 1

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If you were brave enough to take the Bible Basics – Quiz 1 yesterday, here is the key:

1.  Old Testament & New Testament

2.  Law, History, Wisdom & Poetry, Major Prophets, & Minor Prophets

3.  Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, & Deuteronomy

4.  66

5.  39

6.  It has one coherent message of God’s plan for salvation.

7.  Hebrew

8.  2/3

9.  Numbers

10.  Proverbs

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You probably saw it coming.  Teachers have a deep-seated need to give quizzes and tests.  Here is your first quiz on Bible basics.  You don’t have to send me your score, but try to take the test first without looking at the earlier blog posts just to see how you can do.  I will post answers tomorrow, so you can get that reinforcement you need.

1.  What are the two major divisions of the Bible?

2.  What are the divisions of the Old Testament?

3.  What are the books of the Law?

4.  How many books are there in the Bible?

5.  How many books are in the Old Testament?

6.  What is true of the Bible despite its many different books written by different authors at different times?

7.  In what language was the Old Testament written?

8.  What fractional part of the Bible does the Old Testament make up?

9.  What book in the Old Testament talks about the wanderings of the Israelites?

10.  What book in the Old Testament is sometimes called the book of wisdom?

Answers will be in tomorrow’s post.

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In the last post, we began the discussion of Paul’s Epistles.   There were too many to do all in one post, so here’s the rest of the group with a brief description of the highlights of each:

1 Thessalonians (Written during Paul’s second missionary journey to the church in Thessalonica.  One of the main themes is an exhortation to holiness for believers in light of the LORD’s imminent return.)

2 Thessalonians (Also written during Paul’s second missionary journey and to the church in Thessalonica.  Christ’s return is a theme as is encouragement of believers.)

1 Timothy (The first of the “pastoral” epistles, those letter written by Paul to individuals who were pastors of churches.  This letter is written to Timothy during Paul’s first imprisonment.  It is a guide to leadership of a church and it addresses the issues of false teachers, public prayer, the role of women, and the qualifications for elders and deacons.)

2 Timothy (The second of the “pastoral” epistles, this is also written to Timothy, but it is written during Paul’s second imprisonment, near the time of his death.  Its purpose is to encourage Timothy in his ministry to be faithful even through adversity and hardships.)

Titus (This is the third of the “pastoral epistles”, and it was written to Titus while Paul was in prison in Rome.  It gives the qualifications for elders and gives Titus instructions for dealing with different groups in the church.)

Philemon (This is a letter from Paul to Philemon, a believer, regarding his runaway slave, Onesimus.  Paul asks Philemon to forgive Onesimus and receive him for Paul’s sake.)

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The Bible, as discussed previously is divided into two main sections, the Old and New Testaments.  The New Testament is divided into 5 sections:  the Gospels, Early Church history, Paul’s Epistles, General Epistles and the Revelation of Jesus Christ.

Paul’s Epistles and a brief description of their content are as follows:

Romans (Written to the Roman Christians.  The main topics discussed are the law and God’s plan for salvation through faith.  It also contains many important exhortations for believers including chapter 8, verse 28.)

1 Corinthians (Written to the church in Corinth to address issues that were going on in the church that involved division in the body and immorality.  An important discussion of love is found in chapter 13).

2 Corinthians (Written to the church in Corinth.  In this book Paul defends his call as an apostle, and he addresses deceivers.)

Galatians (Written to the churches in Galatia.  A major theme is grace and liberty in Christ and a rejection of the legalism that was affecting the churches in Galatia.  A well-known list of the fruits of the spirit is found in 5:22-23)

Ephesians (Written to the church in Ephesus.  Important discussion of what God had done for the believer in chapter 1 and where the believer was before being saved by faith in Christ in chapter 2.  Chapter 6 is the well-known discussion of the armor of God and the importance of prayer.)

Philippians (Written to the Church in Philippi while Paul was in prison in Rome.  One of Paul’s “prison” epistles.  Focuses on Paul’s love for the Philippians.  There are no corrections or rebukes in this book.  He exhorts them to godly living.)

Colossians (Written to the Church in Colosse while Paul was imprisoned in Rome.  Major emphasis is on the preeminence of Christ in all things.  Paul was responding to false teachers that were deceiving believers.)

to be continued . . .

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