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Posts Tagged ‘Biblical Literacy’

To blame the Jews for the death of Jesus is a theological error so profound as to be only possible amongst those who suffer from severe Biblical illiteracy.

To suggest the guilt of the Jews is to ignore 6,000 years of Biblical history as well as both the Hebrew Bible and the New Testament writings. Such a view can only be held by those who lack a true understanding of who Jesus really was and what He accomplished by dying as He did.

Jesus was a Jew. He was born and lived in Israel. He was circumcised. He spoke Hebrew. He wore a tallit (a prayer shawl). He learned the scriptures by rote memorization as a boy. He was in outward appearance like the other serious Jewish boys his age.

He would have called his father “Abba.” He would have attended synagogue with his family on Shabbat. He would have traveled with his family to Jerusalem for the three required feasts each year. He would have sung the songs of ascent on His way up to Jerusalem each year.

Like other Jews, Jesus had heroes–Abraham and Moses. Like other Jews, He had enemies–the Romans.

The Hebrew Bible is clear about Messiah. He would be born in Bethlehem. (Micah 5:2) He would be born of a virgin. (Isaiah 7:14) He would enter Jerusalem in triumph. (Zechariah 9:9) Messiah was to be rejected by his own people. (Isaiah 53:1, 3; Psalm 118:22) Even Jesus himself prophesied his arrest and execution by the religious authorities. (Luke 9:22) Messiah was to be betrayed by one of his followers. (Psalm 41:9) Messiah was to be tried and condemned. (Isaiah 53:8) Messiah would be silent before his accusers. (Isaiah 53:7) Messiah was to be struck and spat upon by his enemies. (Isaiah 50:6) Messiah as to be mocked and taunted. (Psalm 22:7, 8) Messiah was to die by crucifixion. (Psalm 22:14, 16-17)

The list of Hebrew Bible prophecies that foretell the details of Jesus final days on earth goes on in detail. These details were written hundreds of years before Jesus was even born. They were written by Hebrew prophets speaking the Words of Adonai–the only true and living God–the God of the Jews and the Christians.

Jesus’ fate was not determined by the Jews. His fate was set by God. To blame the Jews is to turn a blind eye to God and his plan for redemption which made clear through the Hebrew Bible. To blame the Jews is to overlook the sovereignty of God and to miss the message of His great love.

The Jews didn’t kill Jesus. Jesus gave His life–laid down His life–as a sacrifice to meet the requirements of the Torah, the law. He who knew no sin became sin for us that we might become the righteousness of God.

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The next several lessons in Exodus take us through a detail description of the Tabernacle. Before we begin, we’ll review some of the basics of worship as discussed in the Bible.

The Bible has lots to say about worship since it is very important to God. As a matter of fact, our purpose in life is to bring glory to God (to worship Him). What do you learn about worship from the following scriptures?
□ 2 Chronicles 7:3

□ Psalm 30:4

□ Psalm 100:1-5

□ Psalm 134:1-2

□ Psalm 150

□ Luke 7:36-50

□ Revelations 4:8-11

This week observe yourself and note the different ways you worship the Lord. Be sure to consider the following:
 Where do you worship?
 What is your posture during worship?
 What words do you use?
 Are you alone or with others?
 What are your thoughts during worship? Your movements?
 What effect does worship have on you?

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Who is He? The world has struggled with this issue since Jesus came on the scene more than 2000 years ago. Was Jesus simply a man? Was he a great prophet or teacher? Or was He the Christ–the Messiah–the Promised One, fulfilling hundreds of prophecies of the Old Testament prophets?

1. What does Isaiah 7:14 foretell about Jesus (the Messiah-the Promised One)?

2. What does Isaiah 9:6-7 tell us about the Messiah?

3. What additional information is given regarding the Messiah in Isaiah 11:1?

4. What do you learn from Isaiah 53:1-3

5. When did Isaiah live and give his prophecies?

6. What does the prophet Micah tell us about the birth place of Messiah in Micah 5:2?

7. When did the prophet Micah live and give his prophecies?

8. What does the prophet Zechariah tell us about the Promised One in Zechariah 9:9?

9. When did the prophet Zechariah live and give his prophecies?

10. When read these prophecies, given hundreds of years before the person they describe was born, by three different men, and you learn that they came true in the person of Jesus, what does that make you think about the Bible? God?

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When we begin to give it serious thought, we can find many things for which to be thankful–family, jobs, income, homes, running water, good weather–all of which are gifts from God. This Thanksgiving season, it may be helpful to turn our focus to some other intangible things we received from God through Jesus Christ.

Read Ephesians 1:3-14
1. List at least five things that God had done for you from this section of scripture.

2. Copy Ephesians 1:4 here.
3. What does it mean to be chosen by God?

4. What do the following verses teach about God’s having chosen us?
▸ Deuteronomy 14:2
▸ Psalm 4:3
▸ Romans 8:30
▸ 2 Thessalonians 2:13
▸ 2 Timothy 1:9
▸ 1 Peter 2:9

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Psalm 3

Read Psalm 3
According to the Open Bible this is “a lament, which contains elements of both petition and praise. Many of the laments end on a note of praise, signifying that the psalmist had prayed through his problem and realized god’s presence, care, and eventual resolution of the difficulty.”

1. Re-read the story of David when he fled from Absalom in 2 Samuel 15:13-17. This Psalm was written by David during this time period. What does David tell the LORD in this Psalm?

2. What is the progression of ideas in the Psalm – is David in the same place at the end as he was at the beginning? What is different?

3. How does David describe God in the psalm?

4. What did God do for David according to the Psalm?

5. In this Psalm, David expresses confidence in God – what do you think is the reason for this confidence in God on David’s part?

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Psalm 2

Read Psalm 2
Psalm 2 is described in the Open Bible as the first of the “royal messianic psalms.”
1. Do you see people in the world today raging against God? Why is this?

2. How do the following verses show this prophecy being fulfilled?
▸ Mark 3:6
▸ Mark 11:18
▸ Luke 19:14
▸ Acts 4:25, 26

3. Who is it referring to when it says “kiss the Son, lest He be angry?”

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Psalm 1

Read Psalm 1
Because the Psalm is short, try to read it over several times during the week. Maybe even in different translations.
1. The term “blessed” can be translated “oh so happy” or “living optimally, blissful, happy” or “oh the blessednesses! List 3 things the “blessed” or “happy” man does not do?

2. How would you explain or translate the 3 things listed above to life today? To your life? What should you not do?

3. Consider the verbs “walk,” “stand,” and “sit.” What is the difference? What is the psalmists point in using these three words in progression?

4. What do the following verses teach about those who walk in the way of wickedness or evil?
▸ Proverbs 1:15

▸ Proverbs 4:14

5. What do the following verses add about how the word will keep you from evil?
▸ Joshua 1:8

▸ Psalm 119:92, 97

6. We see in this Psalm that the Psalmist describes the blessed man like tree. What characteristics does he assign to this man?

7. What does Jeremiah 17:7-8 add to this picture?

8. What is chaff? Look it up if you are not familiar with it.

9. What do the following verses teach about God’s knowledge of the righteous man?
▸ Psalm 37:18

▸ Nahum 1:7

▸ John 10:14, 27

▸ 2 Timothy 2:19

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