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Posts Tagged ‘Exodus 20’

Read Exodus 20
This chapter is extremely significant in the plan of salvation. God uses the law (as initially given here and further expounded upon and explained later by Moses and Jesus) as the measuring stick against which all humanity will be measured. As we will see, no man is capable of keeping the law, God’s standard of holiness.

1. Restate each of the 10 commandments in your own words. Which ones are problems for you?

2. What do you notice about the first four commandments? The second six?

3. What does Jesus tell us about the law in Matthew 22:36-40?

4. What is God prohibiting in the first commandment? Why is this significant in the history of the world? History of Israel?

5. What does Deuteronomy 6:14 add to this?

Challenge question: How does idol worship figure into the captivity of Israel?

6. What does God mean in verse 5 when He refers to Himself as “a jealous God?” What do you do that makes God jealous?

7. What kinds if things do we see today that qualify as carved images like those referred to in Exodus 20:4?

8. How does someone take the name of the LORD in vain? (Note: “in vain” means without effect or avail; to no purpose; in an improper or irreverent manner. Source: Dictionary.com)

9. What do you learn about the Sabbath from the following verses?
□ Exodus 31:14-16

□ Isaiah 58:13

□ Matthew 12:8

□ Mark 2:27

10. What does it mean to honor your father and mother? How long does that command last in one’s life?

11. What do these verses add to your understanding?
□ Exodus 21:17

□ Deuteronomy 21:18-21

□ Ephesians 6:2

12. What do you learn about the command not to murder from Matthew 5:21-24?

13. What do you learn about the command not to commit adultery from these verses?
□ Leviticus 20:10

□ Proverbs 6:32

□ Matthew 5:27-28

□ Matthew 5:32

14. What do the following verses teach you about lying or bearing false witness?
□ Exodus 23:1

□ Proverbs 6:19

□ Proverbs 14:5

□ Proverbs 19:5, 9

15. What do you learn about the law from these verses?
□ Psalm 19:7-11

□ Matthew 5:19

□ Romans 3:20

□ Romans 7:7

□ Galatians 2:16

□ Galatians 3:11, 20

□ James 2:10

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Now early in the morning He came again into the temple, and all the people came to Him; and He sat down and taught them.

 Then the scribes and Pharisees brought to Him a woman caught in adultery.  And when they had set her in the midst, they said to Him, “Teacher, this woman was caught in adultery, in the very act.  Now Moses, in the law, commanded us that such should be stoned. But what do You say?”  This they said, testing Him, that they might have something of which to accuse Him.

But Jesus stooped down and wrote on the ground with His finger, as though He did not hear.   So when they continued asking Him, He raised Himself up and said to them, “He who is without sin among you, let him throw a stone at her first.”

And again He stooped down and wrote on the ground.  Then those who heard it, being convicted by their conscience, went out one by one, beginning with the oldest even to the last. And Jesus was left alone, and the woman standing in the midst.

When Jesus had raised Himself up and saw no one but the woman, He said to her, “Woman, where are those accusers of yours? Has no one condemned you?”

 She said, “No one, Lord.”

And Jesus said to her, “Neither do I condemn you; go and sin no more.”  

John 8:2-11

OBSERVATIONS:

Where is it taking place?

  • In the temple, the center of religious teaching, the (only) place where the presence of God dwelt on earth

Who is involved in the story?

  • Scribes and Pharisees – religious leaders and experts in the law
  • Adulterous woman – found in the “very act of adultery” and so has violated God’s law  (Exodus 20:14)

Why do they bring her to Jesus?

  • Pharisees and scribes thought they could trap Jesus.  Either He was the Messiah, sent from God, or he was a fraud.  If He was soft on the law, it was proof He was not Messiah.  Jesus had been meeting with sinners, eating with tax collectors and thereby showing a very lax view of God’s law and those who violate it.
  • They were trying to discredit Him.

Who’s missing?

  • Adultery is a 2-person crime – Where’s the man?

Old Testament imagery?

  • Jesus writes with His finger (same way God wrote on the tablets at Mount Sinai)
  • Maybe He was writing out the 10 Commandments
  • Maybe He is writing their names next to the various commandments – the scripture says that they are convicted
  • Jesus proves that He is God by knowing secret sins of people whose sin is not well known
APPLICATION

Remarkably, Jesus could have, with His obvious knowledge of things, condemned her, but He chooses not to be a witness against her.

Similarly, God is not in the business of, nor does He desire to be a witness against you.  Rather, God demonstrates His own love toward us, in that while we were still sinners, Christ died for us.  (Romans 5:8)

This is not to say that Jesus (God incarnate) is soft on sin.  He knows the law.  He wrote the law.  Don’t be confused or misled, one day (maybe sooner than you planned) He is coming to judge.  Come to Him now, when His purposes towards you are forgiveness and restoration.  Later His purposes will be only judgment

Most assuredly, I say to you, he who hears My word and believes in Him who sent Me has everlasting life, and shall not come into judgment, but has passed from death into life.  John 5:24


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